These are the sources cited in “Which U.S. Presidents Owned Slaves?”
Adams, John Quincy. The Diary of John Quincy Adams.Scribner's Sons, NY 1951.
Annals of Congress. 1818. p. 310.
Appelman, Roy Edgar (editor). Abraham Lincoln From His Own Words and Contemporary Accounts. National Park Service. Washington DC 1942 (reprinted 1961)
Barger, Herbert. Thomas Jefferson - Sally Hemings DNA Study.
Bassett, John Spencer. The Life of Andrew Jackson. Archon Books. 1967.
Bigelow, John. . “Jefferson’s Financial Diary.”. Harper’s.March 1885, v.70, n418.
Brands, H.W. The First American. Doubleday, New York. 2000.
Brant, Irving. The Fourth President: A Life of James Madison. Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis. 1970.
(Buchanan, James.) Mr. Buchanan's Administration on the Eve of the Rebellion. Appleton, New York. 1866.
Burke, Henry. Robert Carter III of Nomini.
Clanin, Douglas E. Personal communication. 8/13/01.
Cleaves, Freeman. Old Tippecanoe. Kenninat Press; Washington, NY.1939.p7, 253)
Cole, Donald B. Martin Van Buren and the American Political System. Princeton University Press, Princeton. 1984.
Congressional Globe v6, n1. 1837 p37.
Congressional Globe 1838. v6 n1 p54
Congressional Globe. 35th Cong, 1st session. Appendix, p5 The Making of America.
Cox, Lawanda and John H Cox. "Johnson and the Negro" in Andrew Johnson: A Profile. edited by Eric L. McKitrick. Hill and Wang, NY1969, p139-163.
Curtis, George Ticknor. Life of James Buchanan. Harper and Brothers. New York. 1883.
Dunn, J.P. Indiana: A Redemption From Slavery. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 1900.(Originally published 1888)
Eckenrode, H.J. Rutherford B. Hayes: Statesman of Reunion. Kennikat Press, Port Washington, NY. 1930.
Ellis, Joseph J. Passionate Sage. Norton, NY 1993
Falkner, Leonard. The President Who Wouldn't Retire. Coward-McCann. New York. 1967.
Flexner,James Thomas. George Washington: Anguish and Farewell. Little, Brown. Boston.1969.
Franklin, Benjamin Writings. The Library of America, New York.1987.
Gerson, Evelyn. Ona Judge Staines: Escape From Washington.
Goebel, Dorothy Burne .William Henry Harrison: A Political Biography . Historical Bureau of the Indiana Library and Historical Department, Indianapolis.1926.
Grant, Ulysses S. Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant. Century Co, New York.1885.
Grant, Ulysses S. 3rd. Ulysses S. Grant: Warrior and Statesman. Morrow,New York, 1968.
Green, James A. William Henry Harrison: His Life and Times. Garrett and Massie, Richmond. 1941.
Hamilton, Holman. Zachary Taylor: Soldier in the White House. Bobbs Merrill, Indianapolis.1951.
Hirschfield, Fritz George Washington and Slavery. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.1997.
Horton, R.G. The Life and Public Services of James Buchanan .Derby and Jackson, New York.1856.
Jackson, Andrew. Correspondence of Andrew Jackson. Carnegie Institute of Washington, Washington, D.C. 1931.
James, Marquis. Andrew Jackson: Portrait of a President. Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis. 1937.
Jefferson, Thomas. Writings. Library of America, NY.1984.
Johnson, Andrew. The Papers of Andrew Johnson. Vol 6. University of Tennessee Press. Knoxville. 1983. p549-550.
Johnson, Andrew. Speeches of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States. Little, Brown, Boston.1866. In Making of America.
Klein, Philip Shriver. President James Buchanan: A Biography. Pennsylvania State University Press; University Park.1962.
Lawler, Edward, Jr."Slaves in the President's House."in: The President's House in Philadelphia..
Levy, Andrew.”The Anti-Jefferson” American Scholar. Spring 2001.70 (2): p 15-35.
Levy, Andrew. The First Emancipator. Random House, NY. 2005
Lewis, Paul. The Grand Incendiary. Dial Press, NY. 1973.
Lincoln, Abraham .The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ.1953.
Madison, James. Papers of James Madison. U of Chicago. Chicago.
Madison, James. Writings. The Library of America. NY 1999.
McCormac, Eugene Irving .James K. Polk: A Political Biography. University of California Press, Berkeley.1922.
McKinley, Silas Bent and Silas Bent. Old Rough and Ready. Vanguard Press, New York.1946.
Miller, John Chester. The Wolf By The Ears. Free Press, New York.1977.
Monroe, James .The Writings of James Monroe. Knickerbocker Press, New York.1903.
Moore, Chaddra. Personal Communication. 11.6.01.
Nichols, Roy Franklin.Franklin Pierce. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.1931.
“The Other Buchanan Controversy” TomPaine.Com.
Peabody, James Bishop, editor. The Founding Fathers: John Adams: A Biography in his own Words Newsweek, NY 1973.
Polk, James K. The Diary of James K. Polk. A.C. McClurg, Chicago.1910.
Rayback, Robert J . Millard Fillmore: Biography of a President .Henry Stewart, Incorporated;Buffalo.1959.
Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845. Harper and Row. New York. 1984. p51)
Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821. Harper and Row, New York.1977.
Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Freedom, 1822-1832. Harper and Row. New York. 1981.
Sellers, Charles Grier, Jr. Jackson K. Polk, Jacksonian, 1795-1843. Princeton University Press, Princeton.1957.
Simon, John Y. The papers of Ulysses S. Grant. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 1967.
Smith, Page. John Adams. Doubleday, Garden City, NY
Snyder, Charles M. The President And The Lady. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington.1975.
Stanton, Lucia. "Monticello to Main Street: The Hemings Family and Charlottesville." The Magazine of Albemarle County History. 1997. v. 55. pp 94-96.
Thomas Jefferson Foundation. ”Report of the Research Committee on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings”. 2000.
Thomas, Lately. The First President Johnson. William Morrow and Company. New York 1968.
Todd, Charles S. and Benjamin Drake. Sketches of the Civil and Military Services of WIlliam Henry Harrison. Arno Press, New York. 1975 (reprint of an 1840 edition)
Tyler, Lyon G. The Letter and Times of the Tylers. Whittet and Shepperson, Richmond. 1884.
Van Buren, Martin."Martin Van Buren: Inaugural Address, Saturday, March 4, 1837" The WWW-project From Revolution to Reconstruction.
Webster, Homer J. William Henry Harrison's Administration of Indiana Territory Sentinel Printing Co. Indianapolis. 1907.
Wilkins, Roger. Jefferson’s Pillow. Beacon Press, New York.2001.
Williams, T. Harry (editor). Hayes: The Diary of A President, 1875-1881. David McKay Company, NY 1964.
Winston, Robert W. Andrew Johnson: Plebian and Patriot. Henry Holt, New York.1928.
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